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EUCALYPTUS
 
 
The stately GumTree dominates the Australian landscape and is generally considered the basis of a native garden.
Many Eucalypts have deciduous bark, which reveals a shiny often-colourful trunk. Bloodwoods however have persistent fibrous bark with irregular cracks over the whole trunk. The flowers are borne in clusters; vary in colour from white to cream, and from pink to crimson. Honey eating birds flock to them. A few of them are an important source of food for Koalas and many other native fauna need them for nesting.
In the garden care should be taken not to plant them to close to the house and powerlines. Eucalyptus shed much bark and leaves which forms an important carpet of mulch. Recent grafting technics have enabled some of the lovely Western Australian species to be offered for Queensland gardens.
 
PLANT NAME
PLANT DESCRIPTION
PLANT IMAGE
Eucalyptus
bancroftii
TUMBLE-DOWN RED GUM
 
Medium tree with a dense, spreading crown and a short, often twisted trunk. It has attractive smoot grey bark which is shed to reveal bright orange new bark. It produces fluffy white flowers in summer. Hardy in most sunny well drained situations.
 
Height to 15m
Spread to 10m
Eucalyptus bancroftii
Eucalyptus
cinerea
ARGYLE APPLE
 
A tree for well drained soils.The leaves are a mealy white rounded shape useful for cut foliage. It retains a bushy habit if pruned hard. The height may be retained at approx 2m.
 
Height 8m Width 3m 
SMALL TREE 
Eucalyptus cinerea
Eucalytptus
citriadora
LEMON-SCENTED GUM
 
Tall, fast growing tree with a smooth grey trunk. It has narrow lanceshape leaves which have a delicious lemon fragrance. The oil distilled from the leaves is used to make perfumes and menthol. The hard, toch, easily worked timber is used in construction and for tool handles. Adapts to most wel drained situations.
 
KOALA FOOD TREE
Height 15-30m
Spread 10-20m
Eucalyptus citriodora
Eucalyptus
curtisii
PLUNKETT MALLEE
 
Small tree prefering average to dry soils. Many clusters of creamy/white flowers in spring. Good specimen tree for gardens. Has a pendulous habit and a smooth grey barked trunk.
 
Height 6m Width 2m   
SMALL TREE 
Eucalyptus curtisii
Eucalyptus
grandis
ROSE GUM
 
Fast growing, tall tree with a straight, stout trunk and smooth whitish bark. It bears white flowers in autumn. An ornamental shade or shelter tree for large gardens or farms. It grows best in moist soil.
 
Height 30-50m
Spread 10-20m
Eucalyptus grandis
Eucalyptus
gummifera
RED BLOODWOOD
 
Medium to large tree with lanceolate, dark green leaves is found in coastal areas from S.E.-Qld to east Victoria. Cream to White bird attracting flowers from Decmber into April. This gum is a good source of honey and pollen and for durable timber. Fast growing in most well drained soils.
 
Height 20-30m
Spread 10-20m
Eucalyptus gummifera
Eucalyptus
intermedia
 
PINK BLOODWOOD
 
Medium to tall tree - much lower at the seaside - with rough brown bark and a dense crown of glossy green leaves. Showy, Large clusters of White flowers attract Nectar feeding birds and are important for Honey Production. Requires well drained soil.
 
Height 10-25m
Spread 5-15m
Eucalyptus intermedia
Eucalyptus
leucoxylon red
YELLOW GUM
 
Attractive small to medium tree with a moderately dense to spreading crown. It has smooth cream to bluish grey bark - rough and dark at the base. It blooms profusely in winter with clusters of fluffy white to pink or red flowers. Requires a sunny well drained situation.
 
Height 8-12m
Spread 5-8m
Eucalyptus leucoxylon Red
Eucalyptus
maculata
SPOTTED GUM
 
Tall tree with a widely spreading shady crown of dark green leaves. Smooth cream to grey-blue spotted bark. Hardy, fast growing, suitable for stock shelter or acreage planting. Average to well drained soil. Koala food tree.  Bird attracting.  Fragrant White flowers.
 
Height 20-30m
Spread 10 to 20m
Eucalyptus maculata  
Eucalyptus
nicholii
 
WILLOW PEPPERMINT 
 
Medium tree with a spreading canopy of narrow, drooping leaves and a stout trunk covered with fibrous, furrowed bark. A most ornamental tree in cooler climates. But it is not hardy subtropical coastal districts.
 
Height to 12m
Spread to 10m
Eucalyptus nicholii
Eucalyptus
phoenicia
SCARLET GUM
 
Slender, often multi-stemmed tree for dryer areas. Large heads of orange flowers in late autumn to winter. The fibrous orange bark is also a feature of this tree. Does best in sunny dry positions.
 
Height 4 to 6m
Spread to 3
Eucalyptus phoenecia
Eucalyptus
ptychocarpa
 
SWAMP BLOODWOOD
 
Often amulti-stemmed tree for average to moist soils. Large heads of red, pink or sometimes white flowers in clusters in spring and summer. Because they are seed grown the flowercolour is unreliable.
 
Height 8m Width 3m  
TALL TREE  
Eucalyptus ptychocarpa
Eucalyptus
'Summer Beauty'
(Grafted)
A bushy tree for average soil in full sun. Spectacular trusses of large, pink flowers with gold tipped stamens and yellow centres in summer. Red new foliage. Has been grafted onto a reliable root stock.
 
Height 6m Width 3m 
TALL TREE
Eucalyptus 'Summer Beauty'
Eucalyptus
'Summer Glory'
(Grafted)
 
A hybrid gum tree of selected flowering Eucalyptus from W.A. and N.T. which is grafted onto hardy rootstock. Bunches of mauve flowers occur in summer.
 
 Height 6m Width 3m 
TALL TREE
Eucalyptus 'Summer Glory'
Eucalyptus
'Summer Red'
(Grafted)
A hybrid gum tree which is grafted onto hardy rootstock. Bunches of cerise coloured flowers occur in summer. Judicious pruning after flowering will help in bring out new flushes of red leaves. 
 
Height approx 4m
TALL TREE
Eucalyptus 'Summer Red'
Eucalyptus
tesselaris
MORETON BAY ASH
 
A tall tree with a weeping habit. The bark on the lower part of the trunk is tesselated and smooth above. Useful for sea-side planting and inland.   
 
Grows to 20m tall
TALL TREE
Eucalyptus tesselaris